1. San Nicolás Municipal Protected Area
The “San Nicolás Municipal Protected Area” (APMSN) was created on February 11, 2004 by Municipal Ordinance No. 004/2004, located in the Gran Chaco Province, Municipality of Caraparí in the department of Tarija, has an area of 16 550 hectares with a height that oscillates between the 600 and 1526 msnm It is part of the area of influence of the communities: Pampa Redonda (Chiquiacá River) and San Nicolás (San Nicolás River), bounded to the south and west by the Tariquía National Flora and Fauna Reserve, its objective is to preserve the integrity of the ecosystems of the Bolivian Tucumana formation, to maintain the quality of the hydrological regime, biodiversity, genetic resources, and environmental functions that provide services for the benefit of the population of the municipality and society in general.
2. El Corbalán Nature Reserve
The Nature Reserve “El Corbalán”, is a conservation unit managed by PROMETA – Protection of the Environment Tarija and has an approximate extension of 4778 hectares, of which 2500 are under the legal figure of Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) backed by Forestry Law 1700; and 2278 hectares are land under protection. It is located in the Third Section of the Gran Chaco province of the department of Tarija (jurisdiction of the municipality of Villa Montes). In the Reserve can be found dry forests, pastures, glens and a great wealth of biodiversity, which is concentrated in the area by the water that accumulates in its glens.
3. Alarachi Natural Reserve
The Alarachi Nature Reserve (RNA) was created by Tarija Environmental Protection Agency (PROMETA) in April 2001, has an approximate area of 6,062 hectares; is located within the cantons of La Mamora and Emborozú of the Municipality of Padcaya, the first section of the Arce Province in the department of Tarija, and is located within the Tariquía – Baritú Ecological Corridor in the Bermejo area which forms part of the interconnection zone between the National Flora and Fauna Reserve Tariquía (Bolivia) and the Baritú National Park (Argentina). The purpose of its creation is to contribute to the connectivity of the corridor, guaranteeing the protection of natural processes, favoring the maintenance and connectivity between the national protected areas of Tariquía and Baritú, and the Mountain Forests of the Bolivian-Tucuman formation.
4. Sama Mountain Range Biological Reserve
The Cordillera de Sama Biological Reserve was created by Supreme Decree No. 22721 of January 30, 1991; to conserve the ecosystems of the protected area, endangered wild flora and fauna, conserve water sources for the city of Tarija and adjacent communities, the Tajzara basin only RAMSAR site of the department of Tarija and ensure the sustainable use of natural resources to improve the quality of life of its inhabitants.
It has an area of 108,500 ha of which approximately 43% of its territory corresponds to the Puna and the rest distributed among the Dry Inter-Andean Forests and Tucumano-Bolivian Forests.
5. National Reserve of Flora and Fauna Tariquía
The National Reserve of Flora and Fauna Tariquía was created in 1989, by Supreme Decree, later elevated to Law of the Republic of Bolivia. The Reserve covers 246,000 hectares of Yungas and cloud forest and is an important source of water for the South of the Department of Tarija. The fauna of the Reserve includes the Jaguar (Panthera onca), Ocelote (Felis pardalis), Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) and probably Bear of Eyeglasses (Tremarctos ornatus). Among the birds found in the Reserve are the Paraba Militar (Ara militaris), Loro Tucumano (Amazona tucumana), and many others. Approximately 3,500 people inhabit the Reserve and depend directly on the natural resources of the Reserve to survive. Activities such as illegal logging, dynamite fishing and indiscriminate hunting threaten the integrity of the Reserve.
6. National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management of the Serrania of Aguaragüe
The Serranía of Aguaragüe was declared a protected area of national interest through the promulgation of Law No. 2083, which officially declares it as National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management. It is located in the Gran Chaco Province; Jurisdiction occupies three municipalities Caraparí, Yacuiba and Villamontes of the Department of Tarija; its declaration materializes after an arduous work of awareness and socialization in the year 1996 carried out by PROMETA, to promote the consolidation of the area with the local and departmental population and decision makers, and in coordination with the Subprefecture, the Provincial Council of Development and the Commonwealth of Municipalities of the Province of Gran Chaco.
7. National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management of the Serrania of Iñao
The Serrania del Iñao National Park and Natural Area was created on May 28, 2004 by Law of the Republic No. 2727 and is located in the Department of Chuquisaca; comprises part of the municipal jurisdiction of the Municipalities of Villa Serrano, Padilla, Monteagudo and Villa Vaca Guzmán, limiting the North and East with the Department of Santa Cruz. It has a total area of 2,630.9 km2, of which 1,422.4 km2 corresponds to the category of management of National Park and 1,208.5 km2 to the category of Integrated Management Natural Area.
8. Natural Area of Integrated Management of Lagarpama (legal and technical advice)
The Lagarpampa Municipal Protected Area was created by Municipal Ordinance No. 041/2009 on November 24, 2009, located in the municipality of Aiquile, Narciso Campero Province of Cochabamba department and has an area of 30308 hectares. Lagarpamapa ‘s creation goals include the conservation of biodiversity and genetic resources of the Inter – Andean Dry Forests, and especially the habitat of the Red Roar (Ara rugrogenys), as well as providing research opportunities on the biodiversity of this ecosystem and recovery and conservation of heritage
Archaeological and Cultural and to rescue the traditional knowledge, techniques and systems of use of the natural resources of the local inhabitants of the protected area.
9. Northern Tiquipaya Municipal Wildlife Reserve
The Tiquipaya Norte Municipal Wildlife Reserve is located in the Tiquipaya Municipality of Cochabamba in the Yungas. Its purpose was to protect geographic areas that shelter biodiversity, landscape, cultural and ecological values. It has an area of 108,065 ha, was created by Municipal Ordinance No. 49/2005 of December 23, 2005.
10. The Curichi Municipal Protected Area
It is located in Buena Vista municipality, Ichilo province of the department of Santa Cruz in the Amazon, its purpose was to protect water sources for good Vista. It has an area of 380 hectares and was created by Municipal Ordinance No. 008/2000 of June 18, 2002.
11. Municipal Protected Area Parabanó,
It is located in the Municipality of Cabezas, Cordillera Province of the department of Santa Cruz in the Ecotono between the Bolivian Forest Tucumano, Chaco Serrano, Cerrado and Chiquitano Forest has an area of 37490 hectares. It was created by Municipal Ordinance No. 020/2004 of October 20, 2004. Its creation objective is to preserve the integrity of ecosystem conditions of the sample conformed by the Amazonian, Chaco and Chiquitana ecoregions that are present in the Serranía de Parabanó , to maintain the quality of the hydrological regime, biodiversity, genetic resources, and environmental functions for the benefit of local populations.
12. Palmera de Sao (Model taken by the municipality of Cabezas de Parabanó)
The municipal protected area Palmera de Sao is located in the Municipality Cabezas, Cordillera province Santa Cruz department and was created by Law No. 3491/2006 of September 26, 2006. It has an area of 758 hectares. The objective of creation was the protection of the palm forest of Sao (Thrithrinax schizophylla), that is used by the local inhabitants for the elaboration of crafts.
13. Churo Negro Municipal Protected Area
It is located in the Comarapa Canton, the first municipal section of the Comarapa Municipality; created by Ordinance No. 68/2007 on September 10, 2007. It has an area of 3092 hectares, of which 1619 correspond to the Churo Negro basin and 1459 ha to the Amboró Integrated Natural Management Area. the Comarapa River, to conserve water
wetlands, existing biodiversity and associated cultural values, guaranteeing the water supply for the population of the municipality.
14. Municipal Protected Area Micro Chunk El Chape
The municipal protected area Microcuenca el Chape, has been created by Municipal Ordinance 021/2004 22/09/2004. It is located in the department of Santa Cruz in the municipality Mairana, Province Manuel María Caballero. Corresponds to the Biogeographic Province of Yungas, it has an area of 3583 hectares, whose main objective of creation is the protection of the water sources for the municipality.
15. Natural Area of Integrated Management Rio Grande Valles Cruceños
The ANMI Rio Grande – Valles Cruceños is located in the Southwest of the department of Santa Cruz, bordering Cochabamba and Chuquisaca in the municipalities of Vallegrande, Samaipata, Postrevalle, Cabezas, Pucara and Gutierrez, and was created by Prefectural Resolution No. 059/2007 and ratified through Departmental Decree No. 161 of July 2, 2012. It has an area of 734,000 hectares. Its main objective is the protection of watersheds, soils, vegetation and biodiversity of dry Inter-Andean forests distributed from 650 to 3000 meters above sea level, and landscape and architectural values found in these municipalities.
16. Municipal Protected Area and Commonwealth of Origin Headwaters of the Maniqui River
The municipal Protected Area RIO MANIQUI AND TCO CHIMANE has been legally recognized by Municipal Ordinance No. 034/2007 dated November 15, 2007 issued by the Honorable Municipal Borough Council of San Borja. It is located in the Municipality of San Borja, Second Section of the General Jose Ballivián province of the department of Beni in the Pre-Andean Amazon Forests, covers an area of 247,646 hectares.
17. Natural Area of Integrated Management Pampa Tholar de las Vicuñas (in process of creation)
The proposed area is formed by two polygons in the Sarcarí and Salitre and upper Sococha cantons, which are located in the eastern and western life systems of Villazón, Modesto Omiste Province of the department of Potosí, occupying the Rural Municipal Districts of the aforementioned Life Systems. Both polygons cover an area of approximately 58,480 hectares, and the purpose of creating this protected area is to conserve the diversity of flora and fauna, landscapes and water resources, to maintain the hydrological regime, genetic resources and ecosystem functions that they provide for the benefit of the population of the municipality and the communities in general, contribute to the welfare and improvement of the living conditions of the inhabitants, ensuring the sustainable use of vicuna fiber, maintain and revalue the cultural practices of the local population related to sustainable use of the protected area’s natural resources.
18. Ecoparque Encantado (Legal and Technical Advice)
The Municipal Protected Area Ecoparque Encantado Natural Monument was created by Municipal Law No. 092 of May 19, 2015 and is located in the municipality of Tupiza, Province Sud Chichas of the department of Potosí, with an area of 3819, 98 hectares. Its purpose is to protect the integrity of ecosystems of the low puna and valley head to maintain the quality of the hydrological regime, biodiversity, genetic resources, environmental and landscape functions for the benefit of the local population.